This LorAnn Oils Apple Flavouring is 3 to 4 times stronger than grocery store extracts. When substituting LorAnn Oils Apple Flavour for extracts, use 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon for 1 teaspoon of extract. LorAnn Oils Apple Flavouring are not oil based, does not contain vegetable oil and unlike extracts it's flavour does not diminish when exposed to high heat. LorAnn Oils Apple Flavour is suitable for hard candy, candy centers, fondants, frostings, fudges, cakes, cookies, brownies, ice cream and sweet breads. Kosher Certified. Gluten Free & Sugar Free Contains: Artificial flavour, Propylene Glycol. Soluble in water. Appropriate for use in chocolates and coatings. Each bottle contains 1 dram which is approximately 3.7ml.